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Kayaking on Peloponnes

By Borislav Paunovski / November, 13, 2017 / 0 comments
Kayaking on Peloponnes
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1200 km south of Sofia

The Peloponnese ( Peloponnisos) is a large peninsula, occupying a significant part of Greece. It has an area of ​​21,549 square kilometers. It is the southernmost point of the Balkan Peninsula and Continental Europe. On the northeastern peninsula it is connected with Greece through the Corinthian isthmus until the final excavation of the Corinth Canal in 1893, and in fact the Peloponnese became an island. The Corinth Canal was designed to facilitate and reduce the way of the vessels, but due to its small size modern ships and ferries can not pass. The Northwest Peloponnese is also linked to the land by the Rio-Antirio bridge (completed in 2004) and allows access to the peninsula.

Peloponnese is one of the regions in Greece with the most history – many of the legendary cities and heroes of Greek mythology are connected with places on this peninsula. Over the centuries, many castles and fortresses have been built that bear the scars of Roman, Ottoman and Venetian domination. There are old towns and remains of ancient sanctuaries where you can stroll and feel the spirit of the past. Among the most popular and world-famous landmarks in the region are Mycenae, Epidaurus, Ancient Olympia and Ancient Corinth, Monemvasia and others. The fortresses of Nafplio, Pilos, Mistra and Methoni are well preserved in their original form, and Mani, the small peninsula in the south, looks almost unreal with its stone houses and towers.

 

Geographically, Peloponnese is very diverse and boasts high mountains, rivers, lakes, fertile valleys and long sandy beaches. The eastern coast of the peninsula is more dissected and the beaches are usually rocky. Long sandy beaches with sand dunes are to the west, where is the longest beach in Greece with a continuous strip of over 35 km.

The modern name of the peninsula was imposed in the 19th century on patriotic New Greek motives. It stems from the Greek mythology, namely the legend of the hero Pelopes, who conquered the entire region. The name Peloponnese means “Island of Pelops”. During the Middle Ages and the Ottoman domination, the peninsula is called with the Slavic name of Morea given to it probably because of the sea around it.

The first major European civilization is the Aegean (or Mycenaean), dominating the Peloponnese in the Bronze Age. In 146 BC, falls under the authority of the Republic of Rome and becomes the province of Achaia. The Slavic tribes Millingi and Ezers, from the beginning of the 7th century, inhabited the peninsula. Especially eloquent for this settlement are today the widespread non-Greek settlement names, etc., modern Slavonic toponyms. The rum rulership over the “Slavs” has been missing for centuries, and is later only nominal. Written mention of the Slavs as a self-sufficient ethnicity inhabiting the Sea continues to exist in the 15th century. For more than 8 centuries, the Milinges kept their tongue and clanhood until the first fall of the peninsula under Ottoman rule in 1460. Even today, local people have preserved over 500 Slavonic words in their speech.

Walking around and kayaking in this amazing region of Greece was on memorable trip.